Garlic has quite the extensive family tree. The first thing to know is that there are two major subspecies of garlic: hardneck and softneck. Hardneck garlic has few, but large cloves, and gets its name from its thick flowering, curly stalk called the “scape” (pictured below).
Due to the lack of a scape, softneck can be planted mechanically because it is not particular about being upright in the ground, and it also lasts longer in storage than its hardneck counterparts; therefore, most of the garlic found in your grocery store will be softneck.
Artichoke: Inchelium Red, Italian Late, Kettle River Giant, Lorz Italian, Thermadrone, Transylvanian
Silverskin: Silver Rose, Silver White
Porcelain: Leningrad, Northern Quebec, Romanian Red
Purple Stripe, Marbled Purple Stripe, Glazed Purple Stripe: Chesnok Red, Kostyn’s Red Russian, Persian Star
Rocambole: French Rocambole, Purple Italian, Slovenian
Creole: Cuban Purple, Ajo Rojo, Burgundy, Creole Red, Rose du Lautrec
Turban: Blossom, China Stripe, Lotus
Check out our blog on Pinterest for more varieties of garlic!